Have you ever wondered how to distinguish between Civil Law vs. Criminal Law? Well, maybe you should do some research on this subject before you go out and commit a mistake like that. Basically, criminal law helps the state to punish and deter crime, while civil law provides people with various types of damages or financial compensation. But there is so much more to knowing the difference, so read on as we explain all about Civil Law vs. Criminal Law.
The most important difference between civil and criminal law is evidence. In civil court, witnesses are required to provide evidence before a judge or jury to help prove their statements. This evidence often comes from secret sources, which can make a person get on the wrong side of the law if they try to investigate too much, or even accuse someone without any solid proof. On the other hand, criminal cases are based on direct evidence. Pieces of papers, blood, shells, and the like are the primary evidence that criminal cases use to bring people to justice. Because of this direct evidence requirement, most criminal trials happen without the presence of witnesses.
Another important difference between civil and criminal law deals with jurisdiction. Whereas civil courts to deal with disputes between individuals and businesses, criminal courts to deal with crimes. Crimes are categorized into different classifications depending on the gravity of the crime, thus making it easier for judges to try people guilty of different crimes. While civil courts to deal with disputes between individuals, criminal courts handle crimes committed by organizations or companies.
There are many differences between civil law and criminal law. One of these differences is punishment. Civil court focuses on repairing damages done to another individual’s rights, whereas criminal court seeks to punish the person for a crime he has committed, whether that crime is big or small.
For example, in civil law cases, if a pedestrian is injured by a motor vehicle because the driver failed to yield, then that driver will be liable for the damages. In contrast, if a person is killed in a drunk driving accident, then the person’s family may be able to sue the driver for the death. In both of these examples, the person who caused the accident will not be able to claim compensation because the statute of limitations has run out. Civil law courts also do not have the ability to order compensation due to mental pain and suffering. The only way victims of this type of injury can receive monetary compensation is through criminal court.
Another way to compare the differences between civil and criminal law is with respect to the crimes themselves. Whereas crimes attempt to make money off of another person, civil lawsuits attempt to offer compensation when someone has been injured due to the commission of a crime. Criminal laws, on the other hand, deal with attempts to commit crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, etc. Although there are crimes that fall under criminal law such as assault and battery, these types of crimes are different from civil law cases.
One way to understand the differences between civil law and criminal laws is to realize that civil cases deal with property damage or personal injury claims, while criminal laws to deal with all other types of crimes. For example, if a person were injured because another person owed them money, the person who owed the money could file a civil case against that person in civil court. If the other person did not pay up, then that person could be found liable for the remaining debt. This would mean that the person who had sued could be awarded monetary damages in a civil case.
While it may not always be easy to differentiate between civil and criminal cases, you can use the knowledge that you gain in your classes to help you with this task. For example, you will need to be able to differentiate between a lawsuit involving property damage or injury, and a wrongful death civil case. By gaining a better understanding of what different types of cases involve, you will be better prepared to defend yourself in the courtroom.