A civil lawyer or litigator often deals with noncriminal matters of contemporary legal debate. These legal disputes are generally between an individual or entity claiming damages for damages sustained by another individual or entity. This may include injury claims, consumer protection claims, contract claims, wrongful death claims, and professional negligence claims. The current emphasis in many jurisdictions is on obtaining compensation for personal and/or property damage suffered as the result of injuries sustained in the course and scope of the individual’s employment.
The area of civil law is divided into two branches: Civil Law and Legal Practice. Civil Law is the body of law that establishes the framework and rules for resolving disputes between individuals and organizations. It is also the body of law that determines who is liable for what type of claim. Civil law attorneys are generally employed by the government as their chief legal counsel. Civil attorneys are also retained by individuals or groups who are engaging in litigation for the purpose of obtaining fair compensation.
The roles and responsibilities of civil attorneys do vary depending on jurisdiction and the nature of the claim being pursued. In the United States, civil law disputes are resolved by federal courts, state courts, the US Supreme Court, the federal Claims Review Board, state bar associations, and local governments. In other countries, the roles and responsibilities of civil attorneys may be dissimilar. In Canada, civil attorneys are engaged by both the Canadian government and the provinces/territories. In some instances, criminal law proceedings are undertaken by the criminal law attorneys.
Civil attorneys perform a number of important functions in the course of any criminal court case. First, they draft the appropriate documents and briefs for the defense. They also prepare for trials and make closing arguments in criminal court proceedings. Even in criminal cases, civil attorneys perform important functions as key officials in the prosecution’s case presentation.
When a person files a lawsuit in a civil court, the primary responsibility of the civil attorney’s practice is to advise the client and present relevant facts in support of his/her position in the lawsuit. Civil law litigation involves the filing of complaints against another individual, organization, entity, etc., for acts defined in a legislative, administrative, or judicial act. Civil law also includes tort law. Tort law is the area of the law dealing with civil wrongs and damage to an individual’s reputation. Civil litigants can file claims for damages either individually or in a class action. A defendant in a civil lawsuit has the duty to defend himself/herself, which means that they must produce evidence to support their defense, or else risk losing the case.
Civil attorneys generally handle the majority of all personal injury and malpractice lawsuits. The most common type of cases that involve civil attorneys are car accidents, defective products, workplace injuries, medical malpractice, birth defects, sexual abuse, dog bite injuries, etc. In addition, there are many other types of civil cases throughout the United States. A number of other areas that civil attorneys serve include foreclosure and defective product claims, employment discrimination, landlord-tenant lawsuits, and wrongful death claims.
Civil attorneys may represent either the plaintiff (the person who is being sued) or the defendant (another party). For example, a civil attorney representing the family of a deceased person may be responsible for analyzing the decedent’s suitability as a dependent or beneficiary under the estate plan. On the other hand, criminal attorneys handling criminal cases may be responsible for defending the defendant in criminal court. Sometimes, both civil and criminal law suits against another party are heard in a criminal court. When a dispute between two or more individuals arises in civil court, civil attorneys act as legal advocates for their clients. Additionally, civil attorneys may also defend their client in criminal court if the attorney believes that there may be grounds to proceed in criminal court based on the facts of the case.
There are many tasks that these attorneys perform. Most importantly, they assist their clients in preparing their case by retaining the best legal services possible. Additionally, they are involved in resolving any disputes, negotiating settlements, drafting motions, and collecting and filing evidence and other documents to enhance the client’s chances of winning their civil suit.